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A Great Big City

February 1 in New York History


📝 On This Day 📝

Thursday, February 1, 1945 — 74 years ago

The north tube of the Lincoln Tunnel opens to traffic. The second-oldest of the three Lincoln Tunnel tubes, construction began in 1936 but was delayed by World War II. The north tube is the shortest of the Lincoln Tunnel tubes, since it exits one avenue block earlier in Manhattan.

Friday, February 1, 1957 — 62 years ago

Northeast Air Flight 823 crashes on Rikers Island after takeoff at LaGuardia, killing 20 and injuring 78. Snow had delayed the Miami-bound Douglas DC-6A over three hours, gathering on the wings so heavily that the plane, with all passengers aboard, was moved to a hangar where 12 workers used brooms to completely clear it of snow. Visibility was so low when the plane finally attempted takeoff that the crew had to fly based only on the plane's instrument readings. As it left LaGuardia heading north, the plane turned west and did not climb high enough, clipping trees on Rikers Island and crashing less than a minute after takeoff. It slid approximately 1,500 feet and came to a stop on Rikers Island, where prison employees and inmates trusted with extra freedoms raced toward the flaming wreckage as passengers escaped through holes torn along both sides of the plane. Finding no mechanical problems, the incident report concluded that the crash was a result of the pilot's failure to "properly observe and interpret his flight instruments and maintain control of his aircraft".

In recognition of their participation in rescue efforts, 57 inmates received either reductions to their prison sentences or earned their release.


🌎 World History 🌏

Library of Congress  •  New York Times  •  BBC  •  Wikipedia


🌞 Weather Records 🌞

Record High: 67°F in 1989
Record Low: -2°F in 1920


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